Spine surgery is the treatment of choice when all other non-operative or conservative measures, such as physical therapy and painkillers, have failed to cure the incapacitating back pain
Spinal fusion is a neurosurgical or orthopaedic surgical procedure that unites two or more vertebrae. It is also known as spondylodesis or spondylosyndesis. Any movement between the fused vertebrae is prevented by this technique, which can be carried out at any level of the spine (cervical, thoracic, or lumbar).
Each procedure for spinal fusion uses bone grafting, either from the patient (autograft), a donor (allograft), or synthetic bone replacements, to aid in the healing of the bones. While the graft fuses the two vertebrae together, additional hardware (screws, plates, or cages) is frequently utilised to keep the bones in place. Robotics, navigational systems, and fluoroscopy can all be used to direct the placement of gear.