The surgical removal of all or a portion of the prostate gland is referred to as radical prostatectomy in medical terminology. This procedure is used to treat prostate cancer and other malignancies of the pelvis as well as benign diseases that lead to urine retention.
Prostatectomies come in two primary varieties. Part of the prostate is removed during a simple prostatectomy, sometimes referred to as a subtotal prostatectomy. Simple prostatectomies are normally exclusively performed by surgeons for benign diseases. Malignant cancer is treated by a radical prostatectomy, which involves the removal of the vas deferens, the seminal vesicles, and the whole prostate gland.
The procedure can be performed in a number of different methods, including open surgery (via a significant incision in the lower abdomen), laparoscopically with the aid of a robot (a sort of minimally invasive surgery), through the urethra, or through the perineum.