A laparoscopy is a procedure that is carried out in the belly or pelvis utilising a camera and tiny incisions (about 0.5-1.5 cm). With a few tiny abdominal incisions, the laparoscope facilitates diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.
Modern surgical methods include laparoscopic surgery, often known as minimally invasive surgery, bandage surgery, or keyhole surgery. Comparing laparoscopic surgery to an exploratory laparotomy has a lot of benefits for the patient. Smaller incisions result in less discomfort, less bleeding, and quicker healing times.
A laparoscope, a long fibre optic cable system that enables observation of the damaged region by snaking the cable from a more remote but more accessible position, is the crucial component.
While thoracoscopic surgery is conducted through a small incision on the chest or thoracic cavity, laparoscopic surgery involves procedures in the abdominal or pelvic cavities. Obstetrical forceps, scissors, probes, dissectors, hooks, and retractors are a few of the specific surgical tools used in laparoscopic surgery. Surgery performed using laparoscopy and thoracoscopic techniques is a subset of endoscopy.